Compulsory property acquisition for urban densification

Compulsory property acquisition for urban densification

/ Searle, Glen. (Ed.). — Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge, 2018.

xii, 193 pages : illustrations, graphs, tables, index, bibl. — (Routledge complex real property rights series).

The book explores the use of compulsory property acquisition (i.e. expropriation or eminent domain) for urban densification and related issues of property rights in the Netherlands, United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Montréal (Canada), Spain, China, Singapore and Australia. The case studies consider the circumstances under which expropriation is justified, public benefits eligible for expropriation, compensation or offsets for property acquisition, legal requirements or planning controls for expropriation, local and national uses of expropriation, restrictions on expropriation based on type or location of densification, obligations to provide alternative housing, and alternative means to achieve densification.

 

House divided: How the missing middle can solve Toronto's affordability crisis

House divided: How the missing middle can solve Toronto's affordability crisis

/ Bozikovic, Alex; Case, Cheryll; Lorinc, John; & Vaughan, Annabel. (Eds.). — Toronto, ON : Coach House Books, 2019.

267 pages : illustrations (some colour), graphs, maps, bibl.

The book is an anthology of papers exploring housing affordability and provision in Toronto. The first section focuses on increasing housing costs in Toronto, historical multi-residential and public housing projects, and gentrification. The second section looks at policy and planning issues related to the development and availability of affordable housing and definition of housing affordability. The third section highlights ideas for providing affordable housing in Toronto, including transitional zoning, multi-generational housing, woman's right to housing, relaxed land regulation and new housing designs. The appendices comprise a citizen's guide to gentle density and excerpts from the Ontario Association of Architect's "Housing Affordability in Growing Urban Areas."

 

Market cities, people cities : the shape of our urban future

Market cities, people cities: The shape of our urban future

/ Emerson, Michal Oluf & Smiley, Kevin T. — New York, NY : New York University Press, 2018.

v, 233 pages : tables, index, bibl.

Focusing on case examples of the cities of Copenhagen (Denmark) and Houston (United States), the book explores the development (i.e., creation, functions, governance and civil engagement) and the implications (i.e., economies, environments, land use policies, transportation, diversity and immigration) of two disparate types of Western cities: people cities and market cities. People cities, represented by Copenhagen, are centred on collective action, infrastructure investment and civil engagement. Market cities, represented by Houston, focus on economic development and individualism. The book also looks at research findings for a study of 79 European cities. The conclusion offers lessons for market cities and people cities to function effectively.

 

Regreening the built environment: Nature, green space, and sustainability

Regreening the built environment: Nature, green space, and sustainability

/ Richards, Michael A. — Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge, 2018.

viii, 237 pages : illustrations, maps, index, bibl.

The book recommends actions to re-green the built environment, focusing on urban infrastructure (e.g., roadways, sidewalks, roofs and parking surfaces). It covers the impetus for re-greening the built environment; ecological design, renewable energy production, and waste reduction and recovery; land conservation easements and preservation through zoning control; alternative transportation modes to incentivize a reduction in automobile-reliance; reduction and low-impact development strategies for roadways and parking surfaces; building design incorporating trees and vegetation; green roof; greening of utility corridors and alleyways (e.g., greenways); recycling buildings; restoring brownfields; and actions to educate the public about and implement green infrastructure. Examples are provided from predominantly the United States, but elsewhere as well.

 

Shaping the metropolis: Institutions and urbanization in the United States and Canada

Shaping the metropolis: Institutions and urbanization in the United States and Canada

/ Taylor, Zachary Todd. — Montréal, QC ; Kingston, ON : McGill-Queen's University Press, 2019.

xv, 456 pages : graphs, maps, index, bibl. — (McGill-Queen's studies in urban governance ; 11).

The book explores the institutional foundations and the evolution of urban governance systems at the national and metropolitan levels in Canada and the United States. Case studies examine the historical development, governance and policy-making of four multi-level urban metropolitan areas: Toronto and Vancouver in Canada and Minneapolis-St. Paul and Portland in the United States. Topics addressed include state/province–local relations, local autonomy, urban growth, fiscal arrangements and governance reform. The final chapter summarizes American and Canadian patterns of governance and comments on limits of localism and future models of urban governance.

 

Vancouverism

Vancouverism

/ Beasley, Larry. — Vancouver, BC : On Point Press, 2019.

424 pages : illustrations (chiefly colour), colour maps, index.

The book explains the context and key principles of urban planning based around sustainable development in Vancouver since the 1980s, coined "Vancouverism." The principles discussed include neighbourhoods, transportation choices, diversity, urban design, environmental responsibility, and public and private collaboration. The book also addresses future iterations of Vancouverism and identifies some key lessons.

 


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