NEW AND NOTEWORTHY
Planning on the edge: Vancouver and the challenges of reconciliation, social justice, and sustainable development
/ Gurstein, Penelope C. & Hutton, Thomas A. (Eds.). — Vancouver, BC : UBC Press, 2019.
1 online resource (x, 339 pages) : illustrations, index, bibl., PDF.
The first part examines the history of urban planning in Vancouver, the Indigenous perspective on urban development and the effects of the City's position "as a peripheral centre within extended circuits of trade and development." The second part comprises papers investigating sustainable development and resiliency in Metro Vancouver's urban system (i.e., urban design, transportation, risk management, water management). The papers in the third part explore the socio-economic, cultural and political context of social barriers to effective planning in the city and region as well as planning strategies to address them. These include poverty enclaves, decreasing housing affordability, immigration settlement patterns, and social integration and social services for immigrants. The epilogue considers how planning can support the coexistence between long-time residents, immigrants and Indigenous peoples.
/ Mosco, Vincent. — Bingley, UK : Emerald Publishing Limited, 2019.
1 online resource (xviii, 263 pages) : tables, index, bibl., PDF. — (SocietyNow).
The book explores different notions of what a smart city is, the history of the smart city concept and the social repercussions of urban technological transformation. It looks at the technologies that underpin smart cities (e.g., the Internet of Things, big data analytics and wireless telecommunication) and the social and political ramifications of the smart city and private sector involvement (i.e., Sidewalk Labs in Toronto). Three governance structures of smart cities are discussed: (1) led by the state (projects in Singapore, China and India), (2) led by private business (U.S. case studies) and (3) citizen-centred (examples from Barcelona, Amsterdam, Paris and Seoul). It examines the discourses on ideal urban life, the marketing of smart cities, and the relinquishment of data privacy and related risks. The final chapter considers the advantages of participatory approaches to the digital transformation of urban centres and provides a manifesto of the core principles to smart cities.
/ Tomaselli, Linda Kay. — New York, NY ; Abingdon, Oxon : Routledge, 2019.
xxiii, 276 pages, 16 unnumbered pages of plates : illustrations, maps (some colour), tables, appendices, index.
The book describes the Spatial Planning and Fiscal Impact Analysis method for evaluating the effects of current and proposed land uses on municipal revenues and costs using a database of parcel-level data. It reviews other fiscal impact analysis methods and compares them with the method. It then explains the method's steps, including preliminary financial analysis, compiling parcel-level data, determining fiscal allocation multipliers, calculating and analyzing fiscal impacts, and considering marginal impacts and sprawl. It also describes how an enterprise spatial planning and fiscal impact analysis system could be developed through department allocation. Examples from Bloomington, IL, are referenced throughout the book. Additional technical details are included as appendices.
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